It’s Getting Hot Out! | OSHA & Heat Stress

With Independence Day just a week away, temperatures are on the rise across the country and some areas have already seen record-breaking heat this summer. Although OSHA does not have specific regulations concerning the management of employee heat stress, the General Duty Clause of the 1970 OSHA Act has been used to cite employers that have allowed employees to be exposed to potential serious physical harm from excessively hot work environments.

In a 2001 Letter of Interpretation, OSHA notes that the following “feasible and acceptable methods can be used to reduce heat stress hazards in workplaces”:

  1. Permitting workers to drink water at liberty;
  2. Establishing provisions for a work/rest regimen so that exposure time to high temperatures and/or the work rate is decreased;
  3. Developing a heat stress program which incorporates the following:
    1. A training program informing employees about the effects of heat stress, and how to recognize heat-related illness symptoms and prevent heat-induced illnesses;
    2. A screening program to identify health conditions aggravated by elevated environmental temperatures;
    3. An acclimation program for new employees or employees returning to work from absences of three or more days;
    4. Specific procedures to be followed for heat-related emergency situations;
    5. Provisions that first aid be administered immediately to employees displaying symptoms of heat-related illness.

OSHA has also created a page where employers can find more information on occupational heat exposure.

Additionally, NATA offers, as part of its Safety 1st program, an OSHA training module on heat stress. This online training module:

  1. Explains how your body handles heat
  2. Helps employees understand how hot environments increase likelihood of accidents
  3. Explains how and why your body cooling system may fail
  4. Identifies the types of heat-related illnesses
  5. Explores the environment factors and unique personal factors causing heat illness
  6. Reviews the basic preventative measures to reduce the risk of heat stress

For more information on the NATA Safety 1st OSHA module on heat stress visit or email us at

Are You Ready for the June 1 GHS Compliance Deadline?

By June 1, 2016 all aviation businesses and other firms, must be fully compliant with the OSHA rule regarding the use of the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of labeling chemicals, including training all employees on the use of the GHS system. Compliance with the GHS hazard communication rule requires that aviation businesses:

  • Update old Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) with the new Safety Data Sheets (SDS) utilizing the GHS system
  • Revise required Hazard Communications Programs to include the GHS system
  • Have provided training to all employees on reading and understanding GHS labels

Aviation Businesses can obtain copies of new SDS from the manufacturer chemicals, which include items such as aviation fuel, oil, hydraulic fluid and others.

Providing your employees the required training is also easy, by using the NATA Safety 1st Hazard Communication training module. This module covers the new aspects and labels used in the GHS as well as the foundations of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. The NATA Safety 1st Hazard Communication module is $24 per trainee and there are volume discounts for larger organizations.

For more information or to purchase the Hazcom Training module please visit:

OSHA Announces FY 2015 Top 10 Most Frequently Cited Standards

In a press release from the National Safety Council, the U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration released its top 10 most frequently cited standards. According to the NSC, the FY 2015 top 10 are:

  1. Fall Protection (1926.501) – 6,721
  2. Hazard Communication (1910.1200) – 5,192
  3. Scaffolding (1926.451) – 4,295
  4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134) – 3,305
  5. Lockout/Tagout (1910.147) – 3,002
  6. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178) – 2,760
  7. Ladders (1926.1053) – 2,489
  8. Electrical – Wiring Methods (1910.305) – 2,404
  9. Machine Guarding (1910.212) – 2,295
  10. Electrical – General Requirements (1910.303) – 1,973

Click here to learn more about OSHA Standards.

Click here to read the full NSC Press Release.


Presented by NATA SafetyNet guest blogger, Eric Lugger, Director of Safety, Landmark Aviation

So what is it you have learned and forgotten about PPE and the OSHA 1910 Standards requirements? Here is a short memory jogger.  Two solutions must be considered before PPE may be used as a solution to a hazard. 

The first solution is to attempt to engineer “out” the injury hazard.  This requirement is the responsibility of the designer of equipment and task accomplishment and mostly achieved by the employer when selecting equipment safest to perform the job.  The other solution that must be attempted before PPE is used is effective guarding of equipment.  We usually see this solution presented as the topic “Machine Guarding.”  There are many examples of lack of, not installed and work around injuries related to engineering controls or machine guards. So, when all else has been exhausted the last solution is PPE. 

What is the employers’ obligation to select, provide (by paying for the PPE) and enforce the use of PPE?  Simply put, selection cannot be based solely on cost.  Fitness for the task and meeting, say, an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard would be good start.  If there is a job task where PPE should be used by the employee, generally, the employer must purchase suitable PPE and provide it to the employee. 

One bit of advice on workers’ use of PPE, if you expect them to use what you provide, it is best to put the requirements in writing and have a signed acknowledgment accepting the policy.  Even then, you should review the OSHA standards to determine when the employee must use the PPE.

Thanks for reading!

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NATA Safety 1st Casts Safety Net

Welcome to The Safety Net, NATA’s Safety 1st program blog!  My name is Michael France and I am NATA’s Director of Safety and Training for the Safety 1st program. This blog is a new and interactive way for you, the Safety 1st participant or NATA member, to stay up-to-date with the program. Here, we will share thoughts on safety and training issues, helpful hints, and tips for using Safety 1st training more effectively. You won’t just hear from me either, the rest of the Safety 1st and NATA team as well as a few recognized safety and training experts from across our industry are on board as contributors. We are also always open to new contributors and ideas, so if you have something to say about safety or training, do not hesitate to drop me a note at

It is a very exciting time for NATA’s Safety 1st program. As many of you are well aware, we are hard at work updating our Professional Line Service Training program (PLST). We surveyed several hundred Safety 1st trainees and training administrators with the goal of making an already great training program, even better! It is too early in the process to talk about specifics of the update, but be on the look-out in early 2014 for news on next version of the PLST.

Earlier this year we launched the Safety 1st Supervisor Online program, an FAA-authorized training program that meets the fire safety training requirements of Part 139.321. The course has been a hit with NATA members – hundreds of students have already completed it.  This course not only meets the regulatory requirements for a part 139 aviation fuel training course in fire safety, it also helps build the communication and training skills of your supervisors.

In just a few weeks, NATA Safety 1st will be holding two seminars in Indianapolis, Indiana; our Line Service Supervisor Training (LSST), and a brand new seminar, the Aviation Management Workshop –which is presented in conjunction with Aviation Management Consulting Group. The LSST is our most well known seminar.  It includes a wide range of instruction, which is beneficial for new and long-time ramp supervisors. The LSST, much like the supervisor online, is also an FAA-authorized part 139.321 course. However, with the LSST, your staff gets the opportunity to interact with industry experts in the areas of aviation fuel quality control, leadership and training. This year we have upgraded the LSST to include hands-on fire extinguisher training.

The new Aviation Management Workshop is designed to provide a practical foundation for improving your performance as a leader and manager and to help you be more effective every day. This dynamic and interactive workshop is for aspiring, new, and long-time aviation leaders and managers.

To close out this inaugural blog post, we want to make sure that everyone in our industry is aware of the upcoming OSHA deadline for providing your employees training on the 2012 changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. OSHA is requiring that covered employers (and if you are an aviation business, you are likely covered) must complete this training by December 1 of this year. NATA Safety 1st has scheduled a free webinar for Thursday, September 12 (add the time and link for members to sign up) to provide the basics on what Hazard Communications compliance entails. With the HazCom standard being the second most frequently cited OSHA standard last year, we hope you will have the time to join us for this free webinar.

Thanks for reading!

Michael France

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